The USDA Business and Industry Loan program was developed to help foster employment in rural areas. The Federal government is trying to encourage economic development and support companies to build factories in these underdeveloped small towns and rural areas. The program is not limited to agriculture development, and the funds may be used to develop resorts or manufacturing facilities so long as the property is located in a town or city of fewer than 50,000 people.
The USDA Business and Industry Loan Program is quite similar to the SBA 7a Loan Program and can be an excellent vehicle for many of your funding needs. The table below highlights the key differences between the USDA B&I loan and SBA 7a loan programs.
|Loan Attribute||USDA Business and Industry Loans||SBA (Small Business Administration Loans)|
|Maximum Loan Size||$10MM||$5MM|
|Origination Fees||2%||Not allowed|
|Guaranteed Portion||60% - 80%||75%|
|Security of Gurantee||Strong||Often Negotiated|
|Speed of Government Processing||90 days||Immediate to 2 weeks|
|Collateral||1:1 discounted||No regulatory requirement|
|Equity||10% - 20% Tangible Net Worth||No regulatory requirement|
|Interest Rates||Lender determined||Lender determined|
|Average Default Rate||3%||17%|
|Prepayment Penalty||Lender determined||Fixed at 5/3/1|
|Repayment Terms||Up to 30 years||Maximum of 25 years|
|Owner Occupancy||No restrictions||Owner required to occupy the property|